Impact of Maternal Obesity on Long-Term Health Outcomes

Publish Date: 2011
Author(s): Bert Koletzko, MD, PhD

Abstract:

In the USA one in three women aged 20-39 years is obese. Obesity markedly increases health risks during pregnancy and accounts for as many as half of maternal deaths (UK data). Epidemiological studies, animal models, and clinical intervention trials provide ample evidence for long-term programming effects of nutritional and metabolic factors during sensitive, limited periods of early development, affecting health, well-being, and performance up to adulthood and old age. Nutritional studies, eg, have shown that maternal and fetal overnutrition and undernutrition during pregnancy increase health risks for the offspring. Dr Koletzko argues that even better data are needed from observational studies and particularly from randomized controlled intervention trials that explore effective behavioral, nutritional, and other interventions to inform policy and practice.
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Author Bios

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Bert Koletzko, Md, Phd

University of Munich, Department of Pediatrics, Germany
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