Impact of Pregnancy Nutrition on Offspring Bone Development

Publish Date: 2011
Author(s): Stephanie Atkinson, PhD, FCAHS


Several factors other than maternal vitamin D may independently predict neonatal bone mass in offspring, including season of birth/ultraviolet-B exposure, maternal smoking, maternal calcium intake, lower fat stores, and more vigorous physical activity during later pregnancy. Dr Atkinson discusses the role of nutrition during pregnancy on long-term outcomes including sarcopenia and osteoporosis, the association of protein intake and fetal bone health, and the critical periods during pregnancy for bone growth and mineralization. Future investigations in humans will help establish science-based recommendations targeted to pregnant women for intake of vitamin D, calcium, protein, and other nutrients that are important to bone health during fetal development and later in childhood.
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Author Bios

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Stephanie Atkinson, Phd, Fcahs

McMaster University, Department of Pediatrics, Canada
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