MUSCLE MATTERS: NEW INSIGHTS ON THE INTERPLAY BETWEEN NUTRITION, INFLAMMATION AND METABOLISM

Programme Date: 11 September 2021
Publication Date: 9 December 2021

Course Description:

In this course, Joel Cramer, PhD, FACSM, FNSCA, FISSN, and Phillip J Atherton, PhD, AFHEA, will present the definition of metabolic flexibility and sarcopenia; summarise the differences in fat and carbohydrate utilisation between sarcopenia and non-sarcopenia; discuss the role of muscle in metabolic dysfunction, inflammation, glucose control, and muscle loss in diabetes; and describe the increased risk of insulin resistance in ageing and diabetic skeletal muscle. Originally presented at the ESPEN 2021 Virtual Congress ANHI Symposium.

Course Objectives:

• Define metabolic flexibility and sarcopenia. 
• Summarise the differences in fat and carbohydrate utilisation between sarcopenia and non-sarcopenia. 
• Discuss the role of muscle in metabolic dysfunction, inflammation, glucose control, and muscle loss in diabetes. 
• Describe the increased risk of insulin resistance in ageing and diabetic skeletal muscle.
  • Run Time: 39

Course Instructor Bio(s)

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Joel Cramer, PhD, FACSM, FNSCA, FISSN

Associate Dean, Academic and Faculty Affairs 
College of Health Sciences 
The University of Texas 
El Paso, TX, USA
Dr Cramer earned a Bachelor of Arts (BA) in Exercise Science from Creighton University in 1997, a Master of Physical Education (MPE) in 2001, and a Doctorate (PhD) in Exercise Physiology in 2003, both at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Dr Cramer has held academic appointments at the University of Texas at Arlington (2003-2005), University of Oklahoma (2005-2011), Oklahoma State University (2011-2012), University of Nebraska-Lincoln (2012-2020), and University of Texas at El Paso (2020-pres).

Dr Cramer’s lab studies the form and function of human skeletal muscle. Specifically, they use in vivo human subject research models to study the applied physiology and neuromuscular mechanisms that explain changes in muscle strength, size, and function. They use their evidence-based information on skeletal muscle form and function to address contemporary problems, discover innovative methodologies, and translate our findings to practitioners and consumers.

Dr Cramer has authored or co-authored over 200 peer-reviewed scientific articles, 200 conference research presentations, and a textbook entitled "Laboratory Manual for Exercise Physiology, Exercise Testing, and Physical Fitness." He served as a past member of the Board of Directors and Fellow of the National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA), Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), and Fellow of the International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN).
Image of Phil Atherton.

Phillip J Atherton, PhD, AFHEA

Chair, Clinical, Metabolic and Molecular Physiology 
University of Nottingham 
School of Medicine 
Nottingham, Derby, UK
Prof. Dr Philip J. Atherton is Chair of Clinical, Metabolic, and Molecular Physiology at the University of Nottingham in the United Kingdom. He received a 1st Class BSc degree, and a higher PhD degree (in 2005) focusing upon protein metabolism, myogenic signaling, and gene expression regulation in skeletal muscle, from the University of Central Lancashire. His current research involves an expansive combining of detailed pre/clinical molecular physiology with the application of stable isotope methodologies and the integration of OMIC techniques to discover predictors of the mechanistic basis for, and how to mitigate musculoskeletal declines in ageing and myriad related diseases. Prof. Atherton, with a H-index of 57 and ~15000 citations, has published ~150 peer-reviewed articles and 6 invited book chapters. He is a senior editor for Experimental Physiology, Applied Physiology, Nutrition & Metabolism, and Nutrients, journals.
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